06.11.2020  Author: admin   Small Diy Wood Projects
If it rains, the air will clear. What are "essential instructions"? Tests with strongly aromatic cheese and sausage, and with dirty diapers from Kari's baby, failed to deter Buck from picking the correct bag or his handler from searching it to find the contraband. A system that allows owners to change Register, when trading their vessels in politically sensitive areas. Finally, to replicate the results of the video, Adam applied dry lubricant to the tablecloth and then covered it with hard plastic, upon which the settings were placed. SETWhat is the effect on draft caused by how to build a-frame engine hoist reset vessel heeling or listing?

Were you listened to the radio? Can me pay for your ticket? Let me pay your ticket. Let me paying for your ticket. Are you paying the house in cash? Did you paying the house in cash? Did you pay for the house in cash SETSelect the correct sentence. I like playing basketball very much. I liking playing basketball very much. I like to playing basketball very much. May you like coming to my house? Would you like to come to my house? Were you liking to come to my house?

I should have known you were coming. I should have knowed you were coming. I should a having a known you were coming. Safety were the best policy at all time. Safety the best policy at all time. Safety is the best policy at all times. I hope you are enjoy yourself. I hope you'll enjoy yourself. I hoping you would enjoy yourself. I needing to study hard to pass the board exam.

I needed to studying hard to passing the board exam. I needed to studied hard to pass the board exam. It is important to understood procedures correctly.

It were important to understand procedures correctly. It is important to understand procedures correctly. Had I known about it, I would have attended to it immediately.

Had I knowing about it, I would have attended immediately. Was I known about it, I would have attended immediately. What were you think about? What were you thinking about? What are you think about?

I am always worked on oil tankers. I have always worked on oil tankers. I was always worked on oil tankers. The sea was most rougher than before. The sea are more rough than before. The sea is rougher than before.

If it rains, the air will clear. If it was rained, the air will clear. If it is raining, the air would clear. How long was you been a seaman? How long have you been a seaman? How long is you been a seaman? It were always best to told the truth. It is always best to telling the truth. It was always best to told the truth. What would you have done in such a situation? What was you done in such a situation? What would you have did in such a situation?

Was you happy in your last ship? Were you happy in your last ship? Are you happy on your last ship? I am careful on tankers because they are danger. I careful on tankers because they are dangerous. I am careful on tankers because they are dangerous. How does you did that? How did you doing that? How do you does that? SETWhat does the word "draught" draft mean? The distance from the waterline to the keel. The distance from the waterline to the maindeck. The distance from the bow to the stern SETWhere is the monkey island?

In the engine room. Up the main mast. On top of the bridge. SETWhat does the word "master" mean? The list of all stores on board. The name for all department heads. The legal title of the captain. An enclosed space at the aft end of the ship. The aftermost storeroom. The deck above the bridge.

SETWhat does the word "leeward" mean? The side of the ship from which the wind blows. The sheltered parts of the ship. Places where there is no wind blowing.

SETWhat does the term "in ballast" mean? A ship fully loaded. A ship with empty double bottom tanks. A ship carrying water in place of any cargo.

SETWhat does the term "coil" mean? An electrical part. Part of a rope. To lubricate something. A measurement equal to 60 feet A measurement equal to 6 feet 1. The width of the anchor cable. SETWhat does the word "overboard" mean?

The quay side of ship. To discard items into the sea. The covering over a cargo hold. SETWhat does the term "weatherside" mean? The side of the ship away from the wind. The main or upper deck. SETWhat does the word "gangway" mean? The means of access to the ship from the quayside. The ladder to the lower holds. The ladder fitted to a mast or Samson post. A tray to carry cargo or on which cargo is fixed. A large cargo grab. A cargo net. SETWhat does the term "sea time" mean?

The difference between the ship's clock and Greenwich Mean Time. The time served by crew between signing on and signing off. The time spent on watch. SETWhat does the term "thwartships" mean? A bench or seat in a lifeboat. The middle of the ship. Across the ship from one side to the other. SETWhat does the term "turn-to" mean? To get ready to work. To eat a meal in the ship's mess.

To go to sleep. Short cylindrical steel posts used to secure mooring lines. Pieces of wood of varying size for securing cargo. The very forward end of the bow. SETWhat does the word "wake" mean?

The disturbed water left astern of a ship. The time to call day-workers. The wave at the bow of the ship. SETWhat does the term "capsize" mean? To go overboard. To turn over. A very large bulk carrier with no cranes.

SETWhat does the word "set" mean? The effect of the wind on the ship. The time each day clocks are adjusted on an ocean passage. The effect of tide or current on a ship. Another ship alongside yoursThe widest part of a ship.

A type of dried vegetable. SETWhat does the word "bilge" mean? Waste from the galley. The sewage treatment tank. The lowest part of the inside of the ship. SETWhat does the word "manifest" mean? A complete list of cargo and stores. A complete list of lifeboat stores. A list of all crew onboard. SETWhat does the word "underway" mean? A platform behind the steering wheel. The place from where steering orders are issued. A type of emergency rudder. SETWhat is a "funnel"?

An engine room ventilator. A structure which encloses the ship's engine exhaust pipe. The place at the bottom of the ship through which the propeller shaft runs. SETWhat is the "fore peak"? A tank in the bow. A locker in the bow for anchor cable. The very front part of a ship that cuts through the water.

SETWhat is a "fair lead"? A special type of cargo block. A swivel rigged on a derrick head. An opening in the ship's side for mooring ropes. A shielded light for working in cargo spaces. A metal cover for a porthole. An opening at the top of the engine room. SETWhat is the "hawse pipe"? The pipe through which the anchor cable connects to anchor. A mooring line lead for the Panama canal. The pipe that carries water to the fire hydrants on deck.

SETWhat is a "derrick"? A boom that pivots and can be raised or lowered to work cargo. Another name for a gantry crane. The jib of a crane. SETWhat is a "jackstaff"? A spar signal mast. A flagpole on the bow. The place on the main mast for hoisting signal flags. A fairlead consisting of vertical rollers open at the top. A fairlead consisting of 4 rollers closed at the top.

A rounded fairlead that is closed at the top. SETWhat does "freeboard" mean? A board fitted in hatchway to prevent movement of cargo. The distance from the waterline to main deck. The maximum amount of cargo a ship can load. SETWhat is a "sounding pipe"? A pipe leading from the weather deck to bilges or double bottom. A pipe hit with a steel rod at the end of each watch. A pipe leading from the bridge to the engine room or the captain's cabin.

SETWhat does the term "bosun" boatswain mean? The deck foreman. The engine room foreman. The man in charge of a lifeboat. A type of telex machine. A message sent by radio. Very long cargo compartment. Very large crude carrier. Volatile liquid container carrier. SETWhat does the word "bulkhead" mean? The vertical wall between the fore peak and No.

The vertical wall between the after most hold and the engine room. The sides of a cofferdam. SETWhat is a "windlass"? Any type of mooring winch.

A winch for heavy lifts used with a jumbo derrick. A portable air driven winch. The watch. The master's watch. SETWhat is the "waterplane"?

The area at the surface of the sea occupied by the ship's hull. A compartment for fresh water only. A set of stabilizer blades fitted to high-speed ferries that can lift the hull out of the water.

SETWhat does the word "navigate" mean? The method for a vessel to sail from one place to another. The shortest route between two ports. An electronic position fixing instrument using satellites. SETWhat does the term "abaft" mean? Going backwards. To starboard. At anchor. Anything that can float. A piece of lifeboat equipment.

SETWhat does the term "amidships" mean? The centre-line across the ship. The middle of the accommodation. At 90 degrees to the fore and aft line.

SETWhat is a "rat guard"? A poison carried onboard. A type of trap. A man stationed at the gangway. SETClick on the sentence where the words are in the correct order 1 2 3 4 Is good idea I thinking I thinking good idea. I think it's a good idea. A good idea I think it is. SET 4 He's being in the water for 3 minutes.

He was in the water for 3 minutes. He's in the water since 3 minutes. He has been in the water for 3 minutes. We're investigating the fire in Zone 3. The fire investigating we in Zone 3. The fire in Zone 3 we investigate. SETClick on the correct word to complete the sentence. IT 3 4 Use not water to put out the fire. Not using water to put out the fire. Do not use water to put out the fire. You using water to put out the fire. SETSelect the correct answer to complete the sentence. Where is the anchor?

When the captain wants to know the amount of oil spilled he would ask? SETWhat is the meaning of the signal flag shown by this icebreaker? You should stop your vessel instantly. Do not follow me proceed along the ice channel. Shorten the distance between vessels. To a ship ahead of the ice breaker stop your headway. Stop I am ice-bound Slow down. Stop your engines. Be ready to take cast off the towline.

I am altering my course to port. Go ahead proceed along the ice channel. Ice breaker support is finished. Proceed to your destination. Increase the distance between vessels. To a ship ahead of the ice breaker Stop your headway. Reminder to ships to maintain continuous radio watch.

I am going ahead; follow me. Slow down. My engines are going astern. My vessel is stopped and making no way through the water. Reverse your engines. I am going ahead ; follow me. Ice breaker support is now commencing. Stop, I am ice-bound. Be ready to take or cast off the tow line.

I am ice-bound. I am operating stern propulsion. SETWhat is the meaning of the signal being sounded by this icebreaker? I am going ahead. I am ice bound. I am altering my course to starboard. Do not follow me Proceed along the ice channel. Increase the distance between vesselsStop your engines. Be ready to take cast off the tow line. Proceed to your destination Ice breaker support is now commencing. Stop your headway. When made to a ship ahead of the ice breaker Ice breaker support is finished.

SETYou are berthed with a steady offshore beam wind of 30 knots. This wind suddenly increases to 60 knots. When this happens, the force pushing the vessel off the berth will be SETYour vessel is to turn to port in a narrow canal using one tug turning the bow to port. In which position and how will you use the tug? Your vessel's engine will also be used. Make the tug fast on the port shoulder and pull.

Make the tug fast aft and pull. Make the tug fast in centre bow fairlead and pull. Coming full astern from full ahead , how will your course change compared with deep water? The heading will change only slightly. The heading will not change. The heading will most likely change by a large amount. What speed should you have when entering the shallow water and when should you slow down? Reduce to slow or less in due time before entering.

About 10 knots, slow down 15 minutes before entering. About knots, slow down 30 minutes before entering. SETWhat shape of hull does a course stable ship usually have? The speed should be more than 7 knots. A tug may be connected at any convenient speed. The speed should be less than 5 knots, normally 3 -5 knots. SETThe maximum rudder angle on your ship is 35 degrees. Is the rudder most effective at this angle? Choose the most complete answer.

No, the rudder angle is most effective at angles between 10 and 20 degrees, because water flow over the rudder is strongest. Yes, the rudder is most effective at maximum angle, because water flow over the rudder is strongest. No, the rudder is most effective at small rudder angles, because drag is minimised. SETThe rudder is hard over, engine full ahead in shallow water. How much rudder lift force remains when the engine is stopped? SETThe rudder is hard over, engine full ahead in deep water.

The rudder is in the hard over position, propeller stopped. The ship is turning slowly. What can be done to make her turn faster without increasing forward speed? Give a kick ahead. Give slow ahead. Give half astern. SETA tug is connected by a line at your bow. Will the bollard pull be the same at any speed? No, when the speed is increasing, the bollard pull is also increasing. No, when the speed exceeds 5 knots the tug will not be of much help.

No, best use of a tug is made when the ship is going astern. SETOvershoot is an expression used when talking about a ship's steering ability. How can overshoot be determined? SETWhen a conventional rudder is put hard over it creates a lift force and a drag force. When the ship has to turn, how much lift force remains if the rudder-angle is decreased to 20 degrees from the hard over position?

You are in a degrees turn with engine full ahead. If you reduce speed while in the turn, how will the turning diameter change? The turning diameter will not change. The turning diameter will increase.

The change will depend on rudder angle. SETWhat shape of a hull would you say a course unstable ship would have? A length to beam ratio greater than 5. A length to beam ratio less than 5. A length to beam ratio less than 7. SETYou have made a turning test at full speed in deep water. You are now going to make one with initial speed, slow ahead. Do you think the diameter will differ from that of initial full ahead?

Yes, it will be much smaller with slow ahead. Yes, it will be much greater with slow ahead. Yes, there will be a large difference in the turning diameter between full and slow ahead. SETMost large tankers are moored using wire ropes on winches in order to remain safely moored alongside. If extra mooring lines are required, would a mixture of wires and full-length synthetic fibre ropes be appropriate?

If in still waters this normally takes 12 minutes, what allowance, if any, should be made for the drift of the ship during the turn? What is the decrease in speed most likely to be? What are the distances A1 and A2 called? For all ships. From any source. For all systems. For Owner's Bank. Free On Board. First On Board. Cost and freight. Container freight. Carrier for research. Cost information facility. Cost, insurance and freight. Covered in full. Carriage paid toll.

Container port terminal. Carriage paid to. Cargo in part. Cargo insurance payment. Claim insurance policy. Delivery Day Pre-agreed. Delivered Duty Paid. Duty Due Paid. It is a simple form notifying the master on what time, date and place the goods described will be delivered for loading. It is a receipt for goods received for shipment, and loaded onboard.

Possession of the original is proof the holder is the owner of the cargo. It is a receipt, issued by the shipper, stating the goods delivered are correct in quantity and are in good order.

It serves as a clearance from Customs, to allow the goods described to be loaded or discharged. It is a letter offered to the master to sign "clean bills of lading" even though he knows the goods are defective. The master should not accept it. It is a letter absolving the ship from any blame for damaged goods at the discharge port.

It is a letter clearly stating that receiver will accept full responsibility for damage to cargo at time of discharge.

It is simply a bill of lading that has become soiled by dropping it or some such, thereby making it difficult to read. It is a claused or foul bill of lading that has doubting remarks written on it by the master about the cargo loaded. It is a bill of lading used for dirty or foul smelling cargo, such as animal hides. Rules that only apply to vessels of German Registry or ownership.

Rules that clearly state that the carrier is liable from time of acceptance and that he is not exonerated from negligence in navigation etc. Rules created at the request of carriers, who protested that existing rules provided too much protection to the shippers.

A contract for the hire of a ship for a voyage or series of voyages, or for the carriage of a specific quantity of cargo on a number of voyages. A specific period in the life of a ship, that describes its employment history.

The lease of a ship by a third party, whereby the charterer assumes the rights of ownership. SETWhat are "Laydays"? Days allowed by a charter party for loading and discharging a vessel. Days the charterer allows the vessel to prepare for loading, after arrival at the loading port.

Days allowed for the voyage, from the loading port to the discharge port. SETWhat is "Laytime? The time the vessel waits at anchor, pending the acceptance of the tendered "Notice of Readiness". Days a vessel is declared off-hire regardless of reason. The date beyond which, if the vessel is not presented for loading, the charterers may reject the vessel.

The date the charter party expires. The date by which the owner may serve notice of cancellation, if a better employment opportunity presents itself.

Notice given by the master to the harbour master, that his ship is ready in all respects to commence loading or discharging. Notice from the master to the charterer's agent, that the vessel is ready in all respects to commence loading or discharging. Notice given by the master to the owner's agent that his vessel is ready to commence loading or discharging.

Damages payable by the owner to the harbour authorities, for occupying a berth for a period longer than the stipulated laytime. The number of days that must elapse, after the laytime has expired, before the owner can claim damages from the charterer.

The term used when a chartered ship completes loading or discharge in less time than the laytime. The term used to describe a voyage that has taken less time than estimated.

When loading or discharge is completed in less time than laytime allows, owners are required to pay a "Reward" or dispatch, to the charterer. The time a chartered ship completes loading or discharge on time, and departs or is dispatched to its next port. When the master considers that the charterer's agent is excessively demanding and unreasonable. When the owner believes that the charterer is paying him less freight, than similar ships of age and class are receiving. When freight is owing or unpaid on any part of the cargo at the destination, then a common law lien is allowed on the unpaid freight.

The amount of cargo the named ship in the charter party is required to load. The deadweight displacement of the ship and the basis for calculating port dues. The remuneration payable in advance by charterers to owner, before loading is allowed to commence. It means returning cargo found to be damaged or in poor condition, to the shippers, at the charterer's expense. It is the term used for the redelivery of any excess bunkers remaining upon completion of the charter, to the latter or his agent.

In general, it is the term used requiring charterers to redeliver the ship in the "same good order" as delivered, fair wear and tear excepted.

The master is always subject to charterer's orders, regarding the ship's employment and agency matters. The master can decide on his own, as to whether or not he should follow orders coming from the charterer, or the charterer's agent. Neither the master or his Officers need concern themselves over complaints made against them by charterers to owners. SETWhen does "Laytime" start on a voyage charter?

Immediately after the vessel arrives at the loading port. When Notice of Readiness has been sent meaning that the ship is ready to load. Once the vessel is secured alongside, with the gangway down, at the loading port. As long as the master believes his vessel to be seaworthy then it is seaworthy, and nobody can dispute this. Once all its certificates are in order, and all its crew are considered competent, then a vessel is deemed to be seaworthy.

A ship is deemed to be "Seaworthy" when she is reasonably fit in all respects, to encounter the ordinary perils of the sea, of the adventure insured. When a vessel is between charters and is in the market looking for employment, then it is off-hire. At anytime it is not possible to work cargo such as weekends, holidays, bad weather, and delay in delivery of cargo etc.

Anytime the owners and charterers have a disagreement then the ship goes off-hire until they resolve their differences. It is a charter for an agreed period. It is the charter of a ship that has no cargo handling equipment. It is the charter of a ship whose cargo holds are empty. It is paid at the end of each voyage.

It is usually paid every 15 or 30 days, in advance, after deduction of the broker's commission. It is only paid upon completion of the entire charter period, after deduction of specified expenses such as broker's commission. A ship that deviates for whatever cause automatically goes off-hire.

When the remaining bunkers are not sufficient to make it to the designated voyage port. When the crew's provisions are not sufficient to make it to the designated voyage port. When made to save life or avoid an imminent danger. As General Average is a partial loss because of a deliberate act by the master, then it follows that the owners must bear the cost of the loss. The principle of GA is that which has been sacrificed for the benefit of all, shall be made good by the contribution of all.

The charterers are liable to all other parties for any losses sustained, as a result of General Average. Rules set up to determine who is responsible for losses, as a result of General Average. Rules drawn up by a number of maritime countries to enable the assessment of General Average. Rules which are not usually incorporated into the contract of carriage. A written communication from the charterer to the owner, about the unprofessional behaviour of the master and his crew.

A written complaint from the master to the owner, criticising what he considers to be unreasonable demands from the charterer. A written protest from a crew member to the master clearly stating he does not agree with the disciplinary action taken against him. Whenever he considers the demands of the crew are excessive and unreasonable. Whenever he is not happy with the performance of the ship and its crew. Also, when he is unhappy with its voyage routes and cargo to load. He should be stiff and reticent in the belief that such surveyors are trying to pin responsibility for any damage on the owner.

He should invite them into his cabin, ply them with drinks and during the conversation do his utmost to convince them to see things his way. He should receive them courteously, but ensure they are accompanied by an Officer wherever they go. An insurer is liable only for losses caused by peril, but excluded for losses attributable to the master and the crew. An insurer is liable for items such wear and tear, machinery breakdown and infestation, but is not liable for grounding or weather delays.

An insurer is liable for any loss or peril insured against, but not liable for any loss caused by perils not insured against. When it is missing or when cost of repair exceeds value. When there has been no communication with the vessel for more than a week.

When it is seriously damaged as a result of a collision and can only be repaired in a drydock. Amounts that the insurers impose as a penalty for not filing a claim within three months. An item which insurers are not prepared to arrange coverage for. A reduction insurers grant to owners with consistent good performance.

SETWhat perils are excluded from hull and machinery cover? Negligence of master, officers, crew and pilots. Unlawful acts willfully committed by the master, officers or crew, to the prejudice of the owners. War zone, strikes and malicious acts.

Particular and Individual. Protection and Indemnity. Partnership and Industry. To insure cargo against theft and damage. To protect ship's personnel against sickness, injury, death or disability.

To protect owners against a total loss. The owner's hull and machinery policy. The owners have the choice of which insurer to claim from. There is no coverage from own damage losses, as a result of a collision. By flying a representative out from the home office. Through their nearest correspondent from their book of correspondents. Through a local marine lawyer or surveyor. There is no limit on the amount of cover they will provide. To protect the interests of the charterer to the best of their ability.

To assess the proportion of compensation paid to various interested parties in the event of a total loss. To adjust General Average. The underwriters will appoint a surveyor of their choice, to ascertain the nature, cause and extent of the damage. An average adjuster will be appointed, to investigate and report to the underwriters. The harbour master, being an impartial person, is most likely to be asked by underwriters to investigate.

SETWhat documents and information will be required from a ship when filing an insurance claim? Underwriters will require nothing from ship, but will decide claim solely on their surveyor's report. Nothing required directly from ship. Such claims usually settled at meeting in owner's office on the principle of "Utmost good faith". Most clubs are prepared to provide a range of cover to suit an owner's particular needs. Very limited cover may be incl. Owners with poor records are not accepted.

Civilians injured whilst conducting business on board are not covered. Save our lives and ship. Safety of life at sea.

Safe orderly lifesaving appliance system. Intermediate Lifeboat Operation. International Labour Operation. Inoperative Lighter Overload. Implementing Maritime Order. Investigating Marine Organisation. International Maritime Organization. Law that is only applicable to collisions and other violations of the rules of the road. There is no such thing, as it has never been possible to get multiple sovereign states to a agree to a common ground.

Law regulating relations between sovereign states, detailing their rights and duties to each other. This is a list of the various myths tested on the show as well as the results of the experiments the myth is Busted, Plausible, or Confirmed. Adam and Jamie probe a potentially fatal three-way ricochet, while the Build Team tries to re-create medieval germ warfare by turning trees into catapults.

Other materials were investigated for use as targets, starting with measurements of ricochet angles and speeds from only one plate. Cinderblock pavers were chosen over lead due to the latter's tendency to make bullets tumble and lose too much speed. When Adam and Jamie set up three pavers and fired a TMJ round, they observed three ricochets and a less-than-lethal hit on the Jamie cutout. Finally, they bent a piece of plumbing pipe into a curve to serve as a bullet guide, firing into one end toward a block of ballistic gelatin at the other.

A inch cm diameter curve, forming nearly a full circle, resulted in lethal speed and penetration on the target with an Adam cutout in front of it. Adam and Jamie declared the myth busted, owing to the slow speed of the bullet after three ricochets. Returning to the workshop, they set up some small-scale tests with saplings of three different types— Douglas-fir , redwood, and Alaskan cedar —and a miniature Buster figure.

Preliminary trials showed that the fir could give the longest range for the same bending angle, so the team trimmed off the limbs and attached a tether to keep the payload in place until the right moment. With these modifications, the sapling flung "Mini McBuster" all the way to the other end of the shop. At the plantation, the team found a full-size Douglas-fir and set it up in the same way, aiming at a bouncy castle feet 30 m away with a foot 12 m balloon "wall".

With 2, pounds-force 11, N of bending force on the trunk, Buster flew almost all the way to the castle, but hit the ground just short of it. Because they were unable to hit their target even with the benefit of modern machinery and cutting off all the limbs, the team declared the myth busted.

This episode was Jessi Combs 's final appearance as a member of the Build Team. Kari Byron returns to the series as of this episode. Based on countless car chase scenes from spy movies, the MythBusters try to test whether a pursuing car can be stopped or eluded using The MythBusters then built their own car-stopping devices.

They then attempted to see if a pursuer could be stopped with Adam and Jamie subjected themselves to four painful stimuli — heat and electric current for Jamie, capsaicin injected under the skin and cold for Adam — and chose to use cold for their investigations. The following four myths were tested. The team declared the myth plausible at this point, then continued working in an attempt to get a higher flight.

Tory built a launch guide and set up a 9 mm pistol to fire upward into the base of the tank as it sat on the burner, creating an instant nozzle. With the fire going and the tank about to burst, the team triggered the pistol and the resulting blast sent the tank into a high, spinning trajectory — enough to convince them that a propane tank could become a rocket under the right conditions.

Jamie and Adam revisited the " Compact Compact " myth after fans complained about a claim Jamie made in the earlier episode. This was disputed by fans claiming that according to Newton's third law , two cars hitting each other at 50 mph is the same as one car crashing into a wall at 50 mph. The fans put forward a number of arguments, citing that the Build Team did not have a proper human analogue, and that they used elastic socks instead of non-elastic ones.

The Build Team also decided to see whether hairy or hairless legs would be a factor in the myth. The MythBusters and the Build Team investigate whether the "handyman's secret weapon" can be used to…. They took the bridge to Mare Island Naval Shipyard , where they could set it up across a ft 32 m gap with a 50 ft 15 m drop.

During test runs to pre-stretch the parts and remove the tape's elasticity, they decided to connect the walkway and handrails with struts in hopes of reducing the wobble. A total of rolls of tape were used to build the finished bridge, which was connected to steel frames on opposite ends of the gap.

Jamie commented that the elastic nature of the tape made it a poor choice for building bridges. On the first test, a problem with the tow cable caused the car to hit one of the barricades; the tape took a glancing blow, but did not break. The second test ended with one of the wall's anchor points breaking loose, while the wall itself remained intact.

In the third and final test, the car hit the wall dead center and broke through, but not before the tape had stretched nearly 6 ft 1. Based on the amount of time and material that would be needed to construct a workable car stopper, the team declared the myth busted. Based on a viral video that can be found on YouTube , this myth was done by the MythBusters by fan request. This myth was based on claims that delivery companies use programs that calculate routes using as few left turns as possible to maximize fuel efficiency.

This myth was revisited in Fireworks Man 2 and its verdict, with the exception of the safe landing, overturned. They then set up a party for Adam to host, with three " germaphobe " guests Kari, Grant, and Tory, who were briefed to try to avoid contact with Adam and three unsuspecting ones. Thirty minutes later, Adam, the whole table, and every guest except Kari — who admitted that she actually was a germaphobe — were heavily contaminated. In a second experiment in which Adam consciously did his best to avoid physical contact such as bumping elbows with his guests instead of shaking hands and asking the guests to pass certain things out to the other , all six guests came up clean.

Tory then built a frame to attach to a pickup truck, with a heavy However, the glass did not break out of its holder, indicating that the momentum of the truck may have affected the result. After several tries, they were able to score a hit that completely and cleanly severed the head, leading them to declare the myth confirmed. A countdown of the cast's 25 favorite myths and moments to date, with comments from Adam, Jamie, and the Build Team. This was an minute-long special. A revisit of the " Fool the Bloodhound " myth from Adam and Jamie investigated new suggestions for evading detection by a scent hound , using the same dog Morgan and handler from that earlier episode.

Given a five-minute head start, Jamie fled while using…. Four contraband-detecting dogs — Buck, Rex, Gypsy, Max — and their handlers took part in a series of tests arranged by the Build Team. They investigated the possibility of fooling the dogs by…. Adam and Jamie team up with Sean Casey and Reed Timmer from the series Storm Chasers to investigate myths related to the power of tornadoes.

The Build Team does not take part in this episode. Within seconds, the car lost its hood and was thrown backward ft 76 m. TIV2 held its position, while Dominator slid across the ground but did not tumble due to its low profile that kept the wind from blowing beneath it. The only signs of damage were a bent anchor spike and a twisted license plate holder, respectively. Noting that an occupant in either vehicle would easily have survived, Adam and Jamie declared the myth confirmed and stenciled their seal of approval on each one.

A prototype built from polyethylene , aluminum , ballistic nylon , and duct tape was taken to the Kalitta airfield; it could be folded up and carried in a backpack. For the debris test, Jamie fired wooden cylinders at the shield, using his soda-can launcher from " Cup vs Car ".

Buster and Adam each took a turn inside the shield, with no ill effects. This wind speed was used as a minimum that the shield would have to endure without any injury to Jamie inside. Adam and Jamie explore a large-scale version of an old magic trick, while the Build Team investigates a popular belief about brain activity.

Large-scale tests were first set up in a hangar at Naval Air Station Alameda , involving a 24 ft 7. In the first test, Jamie hooked his sport cycle directly to the cloth; accelerating from a standing start, he pulled nearly everything off the table.

Finally, to replicate the results of the video, Adam applied dry lubricant to the tablecloth and then covered it with hard plastic, upon which the settings were placed. Although Jamie successfully yanked out the cloth from a standing start, he and Adam declared the myth busted due to the need to fake the setup.

Based on these totals, the team declared the myth busted. Adam and Jamie added wheels for maneuverability, as well as an angle finder to adjust the trajectory, and fine-tuned the reloading mechanism. They set up 5 targets at 90 yards 82 m and brought in professional archer Brady Ellison to provide a benchmark for comparison. He hit the targets in 2 minutes, using 11 arrows. After further breakdowns and repair work, Adam and Jamie accomplished the feat with 15 arrows in 1 minute and 50 seconds.

They classified the myth as plausible since they could find no records of this weapon actually being built and used in combat. Once they had both sobered up, they had to remain awake for 30 hours in the M7 workshop, with various devices to keep them busy.

They were not allowed any sugar, caffeine, or other stimulants during this time. The following morning, they drove both courses again for the "tired" test. Based on the general worsening of their performance after going without sleep, the Build Team declared the myth confirmed. As a tribute to their fans, the MythBusters randomly drew six fan-submitted letters and tested the myths and questions in them.

One letter contained three separate myths, bringing the total number of tests in this episode to eight. Adam and Jamie first placed a small-scale car model in a water chamber to visualize the airflow around it.

Whether it faced forward or reverse, they saw a large area of turbulence above the trailing end. Next, they measured the amount of drag force on the model when placed in a wind tunnel to gauge its aerodynamic character.

The results were 0. The car's body was then removed, turned around, and reattached to the chassis, and Adam performed the same three tests. The forward car yielded averages of In reverse, the corresponding results were Finally, they brought the cars up to full speed — Adam in the reversed one, Jamie in an unmodified one — then put them into neutral and let them coast to the finish line. Jamie finished the race first, leading him and Adam to conclude that the cars really were more aerodynamic as designed.

Small-scale tests in the water chamber revealed that the board would not generate enough lift force to keep itself on a level path, leading the team to focus simply on the impact of the board against the windshield. Tory built a rig to launch it straight ahead, using bungee cords to provide the needed force; once it was properly calibrated, the team set a target vehicle directly in front and put Buster outfitted with a human-analog neck in the driver's seat.

Having failed to replicate either the movie crash or its results, the team declared the myth busted. As soon as the car hit the water, it turned over and the windshield broke and began to leak water.

Adam had to wait to open a door until the car was completely filled, becoming heavily disoriented as the car did two more half-flips. He eventually surfaced, but admitted that he had had to use the air supply, and he and Jamie declared the myth confirmed. None of these caused the methane to explode when fired, so the team switched to more flammable hydrogen gas.

Without the milk, the Glock gave an explosion where the SIG Sauer did not, so they built a dollhouse-sized kitchen for mid-scale testing with the milk in place. This test ended in a blast that blew out the walls and roof, leading the team to classify both the movie myth and its underlying concept as busted.

Small-scale tests indicated that an average honeybee could carry 96 milligrams of weight; based on this result, it would take at least 23, bees to lift the laptop. Adam counted the number of bees per square inch in the frames, measured the laptop's surface area, and calculated that only 2, bees would fit onto it.

Declaring the myth busted at this point, Jamie used toy helicopters to show that any lift generated by the bees' wings would be counteracted by the force of air being pushed down onto the payload, making it impossible to lift anything as shown in the video.

They also demonstrated that bees' ability to work together was limited, as one further test with two bees attached to a single "mini-laptop" payload resulted in the bees being unable to get the mini-laptop off the ground. Finally, to show how the video might have been faked, they devised a rig that allowed them to attach fishing line to the laptop, and then hoist it with an off-camera stick or handle once the laptop was covered with bees.

According to the Build Team, this was one of the most demanded myths from the fans. The popular theory is that since water refracts light, it would confuse flies' compound eyes. To investigate the speeds needed to inflict a lethal injury at head or chest height, the team set up an air cannon to fire a Goliath beetle analog at the force plate.

An impact at mph gave pounds of force, while a test at mph described as the speed of the fastest motorcyclist ever to get a traffic ticket yielded pounds.

Although neither of these was high enough to result in a fatal injury, the team deemed the myth plausible, since a heavy enough insect hitting just the right spot on a rider could lead to his death. In the full-scale test, high school students stood in for the Greek soldiers trying to set a boat's sails on fire, using first the bronze and then the modern mirrors.

Both of these efforts failed, as did a third trial in which the boat was pulled close enough to the shore for Jamie as an invading captain on the boat to throw tennis balls and hit the students.

Though Adam and Jamie declared the myth busted, Jamie noted that the reflections from the mirrors were extremely distracting and had blinded him temporarily, and that this may have been Archimedes' true intent in recommending their use in warfare. Reverting to small-scale testing with a toy SUV, the team experimented with combinations of fist weight, vehicle speed, and center of gravity, but still could not get a flip.

They declared the myth busted at this point, then attached a long lever to a full-sized SUV's roof in order to move the impact force away from the front axle, which served as the fulcrum for the car after impact.

Even with this modification, the rear end only flipped 45 degrees into the air and did not somersault forward. Declaring the movie myth busted at this point, Adam and Jamie turned their focus to making the bulldozer fly. The TNT blasted one model to pieces, while the ANFO tore the other apart at the welds and threw the pieces far enough to convince Adam of its usefulness in this respect. For a full-scale test, they buried pounds of ANFO under a bulldozer, with the goal of moving it away without destroying it.

The resulting blast ripped the machine apart, left a deep crater, and threw pieces over feet m. Adam and Jamie commented that any explosive charge big enough to move the bulldozer would certainly kill the occupants of the buried car. The team declared the first half of the myth busted, but Seth "revealed" that the Black Beauty was equipped with a system to split itself in emergencies. Concentrating on the possibility of driving the front half, they cut the rear half off another car. After several adjustments, they were able to get the front started and drive it a short distance until it hit a wall.

Seth then claimed that Black Beauty had a reserve fuel tank under its hood, so the team installed one in their half-car and took it to Petaluma Speedway for one more test. This time, Tory was able to complete 20 laps at speeds up to 40 miles per hour. The team decided that the idea of driving the half-car was plausible, if the driver made the needed extensive modifications ahead of time. To set up a full-scale test, two intermodal containers were outfitted as replicas of the two scenes.

Adam cut window openings and fitted glass for the conference room, while Jamie dug a trench and partially buried the bunker due to time constraints. Each was equipped with a rupture disc set to burst at psi, a block of polyurethane foam to gauge shrapnel injuries to Hitler, and a charge of C-4 with the same explosive power as the actual bomb.

Peak pressures were measured at 18 psi room and 30 psi bunker , with heavy damage in both scenes, intact rupture discs, and non-lethal shrapnel injuries consistent with the reports. Adam and Jamie concluded that the higher blast pressure was survivable due to its short duration, and that factors such as the quantity and placement of the explosive would have had the main effect on its lethality.

For a different test of judgment and coordination, Kari and Tory did an exercise on a shooting range and added more impairments: going without food or sleep for an entire day, then sitting in the ice for 30 minutes and being slapped. Their results followed the same trend as Grant's, leading the Build Team to declare the myth confirmed.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also: Polybolos. Discovery Channel. Discovery Communications. Archived from the original on April 23, Retrieved January 24, TV Guide. CBS Corporation. The Futon Critic. Futon Media. Discovery Channel UK. Archived from the original on July 18, Retrieved October 26, I mean we really, really hate left turns at UPS.

General references "MythBusters Episodes". Retrieved December 31, Pilots Specials. White Rabbit Project. Categories : American television seasons MythBusters episodes. Hidden categories: Television articles with incorrect naming style Commons category link is locally defined. Namespaces Article Talk.

Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Italiano Nederlands Suomi Edit links. Season January 4 — December 22, List of MythBusters episodes. January 4, Myths tested : Can you accidentally kill yourself with a bullet that ricochets off three walls?

Could a medieval army have used trees to catapult dead bodies over a castle wall? March 24, Myths tested : If a cup filled with soda was tossed out the window of a car, would it penetrate the windshield of a passing car, killing the driver? Can you really hang from the edge of a building like in the movies?

March 31, [2]. Myths tested : Can you escape an explosive shockwave by diving in water? Can you bulletproof a car using nothing but phone books? Note : Kari Byron returns from maternity leave. April 7, Myths tested : Can an object fired backward from a vehicle moving forward simply fall to the ground? Do the movie spy car tricks to escape a chasing car work? April 14, Myths tested : Is it worse to have an empty beer bottle smashed over your head than a full one? Could ancient armies have used animal hides to build their cannons?

April 28, [3]. Myths tested : Are some types of people more tolerant to pain? Can a BBQ propane tank heat up enough in a fire to launch through a garage roof like a rocket? May 5, Myths tested : Can someone really be knocked out of their socks?

Revisit of: Knock Your Socks Off Is the force exerted between two cars crashing into each other at 50 mph the same as a single car hitting a wall at 50 mph? May 12, Myths tested : Can duct tape be used to build a bridge? Can duct tape be used to fix a car? Can duct tape be used to hold a car in place? Can duct tape be used to stop a car going 60 miles per hour? Note : This is a special episode.

May 19, Myths tested : Can a person be launched feet into a kiddie pool from a giant waterslide? Can a mail delivery truck taking only right turns save gas? June 2, Myths tested : Does pepper spray, a flannel shirt, and a stun gun cause massive fireball? Can fireworks really launch a person over a lake? June 9, Myths tested : Can a sneeze leave a person's nose at around mph? Can sneeze droplets travel up to 30 ft? Can nasal secretions contaminate a room quickly?

Can you be decapitated by a tornado? June 16, [4]. The top 25 moments of MythBusters are counted down by the cast with additional comments. Note : This is a special double-length clip-show episode.

October 6, Myths tested : Is there any way to prevent a bloodhound from tracking one's scent? Revisit of: Foil the Bloodhound Is it possible to fool a dog trained to sniff out contraband? October 13, Myths tested : Are the Storm Chasers' vehicles fit to withstand force 5 tornado speeds? Is it possible to build a personal tornado protection device?

October 20, Myths tested : When you get " cold feet ", do your feet actually get colder? When the poop hits the fan, does everyone get covered in the ensuing chaos? October 27, Myths tested : Can a motorcycle pull a tablecloth out from under a setting for a banquet? Myths tested : Did the Greeks create an arrow machine gun that offered the speed, distance, and precision that modern machine guns do?

Is driving while tired worse than driving while tipsy? November 10, Myths tested : Can a scuba diver wear a tuxedo underneath his drysuit, go underwater, resurface, strip off his scuba gear, and be able to present the tuxedo perfectly?

Can a car's tire pressure affect its fuel efficiency? Can a laptop stop a bullet from point-blank range? Can a hair weave stop a. Can a fridge door stop a round of 9mm bullets? Out of using your elbow, using your hand, and using a handkerchief to cover your mouth when you sneeze, which is the best way to limit the spread of germs?

Is it easy to take candy from a baby? Can a bottle of beer, when given a sudden shock, turn from a liquid and freeze into a solid? Myths tested : Does a certain s sports car become more aerodynamic if the body is turned backwards?

Can a surfboard be launched through the windscreen of a car and be lethal, like in the movie Lethal Weapon 2? November 24, Myths tested : Is it more difficult to escape from a sinking car that flips upside down than from one that remains right-side up?

Can a carton of milk keep a pistol's muzzle flash from igniting a room full of flammable gas? December 1, Myths tested : Can honey bees lift a laptop? Can hitting a bug at high speeds on a motorcycle be fatal? Can hanging a bag of water repel flies? December 8, Myths tested : Can mirrors be used to make a death ray? December 15, Myths tested : Can a buried car use onboard explosives to blast a bulldozer out of the way without injuring the passengers?

If a bullet-riddled car gets stuck in a rising elevator, will the ceiling cut it in half, and can the front end be driven away? Note : Seth Rogen makes a special appearance, challenging the cast to replicate two scenes from his film The Green Hornet.

December 22, Myths tested : Did Adolf Hitler survive Operation Valkyrie only because he was in a conference room instead of an underground bunker? Can you literally knock some sense into a person by slapping them?

A person firing a gun can accidentally kill himself if his bullet ricochets off three surfaces and returns to him. Adam and Jamie set up three steel plates at degree angles, along with a. In three trials with different ammunition types — unjacketed lead, full metal jacket , and total metal jacket — the bullets fragmented after striking the first plate. A fourth trial, using a hardened steel ball bearing in a bullet casing, led to three ricochets and a hit on the shooter; however, the projectile struck at a less-than-lethal speed.

A medieval army laying siege to a castle could have used nearby coniferous trees as an improvised catapult to hurl diseased corpses over the wall. The Build Team began by visiting a tree plantation to determine the amount of bending force a typical conifer could withstand without breaking. Their first test, on a Gray Pine , gave a result of 2, pounds-force 8, N ; they loaded Buster into a second such tree and applied the same force, but he only fell to the ground when they released it.

A foam cup filled with soda, tossed from a car moving at highway speed, is capable of piercing another car's windshield and killing the driver. Adam and Jamie first fired several different mixes of soda and ice out of an air cannon to measure which was capable of delivering the most force.

They found that slush was the most effective mix. They then built a test rig with a windshield and Buster that simulated an oncoming vehicle. They then decided to switch to using soda cans. While they worked better at piercing the windshield, Adam was unable to hit the windshield accurately enough to hit Buster.

They resorted to using a shoulder mounted air cannon Jamie built, but still could not hit the windshield accurately enough. With one windshield left, the MythBusters instead fired at the windshield at point blank range, "killing" Buster. However, since the cup lacked the power to harm Buster, the myth was declared Busted.

The MythBusters did point out that the situation was dangerous; the driver on the receiving end would likely be startled by the cup, and would have trouble seeing out of the cracked windshield. That, in addition to being covered in the sticky drink and the splinters of glass from the broken window would likely result in a very serious accident and possibly death. All three members could only hold on for roughly one minute Tory also badly hurt his knee on a window ledge in the process.

They then reduced the grip space to one inch; now Jessi could only hold on for thirty seconds, while Grant could not get a grip at all and instantly fell when hanging from half an inch. Aaron, an expert, showed that he could hold on to an inch of space for roughly forty seconds and half an inch of space for fourteen seconds.

However, nobody could hold on to the edge indefinitely. The Build Team concluded that the only way one could be saved in this situation is if help arrived very quickly. A person can hang off the landing skid of a moving helicopter and successfully climb into the helicopter. Because hanging off an actual helicopter was deemed too dangerous, the Build Team decided to simulate the experiment. They first tested the downward force generated by a helicopter to see whether it would affect a person's ability to hang off the skid, but found that it would at most only exert grams-force 1.

For the experiment, they built a fake helicopter and hung it over a swimming pool for safety reasons. Jessi, Tory, and Grant all took turns hanging off the skid and succeeded in climbing into the helicopter. Though a success, the Build Team was quick to point out that it was much harder than the movies would make it seem. During their small-scale tests using rupture discs , the MythBusters discovered that water can actually diminish the force of a shock wave caused by an explosion, giving credence to the myth.

For their full-scale test, the MythBusters hung rupture discs 5 ft 1. The MythBusters also detonated 50 pounds 23 kg of three different types of explosives above the water: gasoline, ammonium nitrate , and dynamite.

While the gasoline could only rupture the closest above water disc, the ammonium nitrate ruptured every single disc and the dynamite ruptured all the discs except for the underwater discs located 50 feet 15 m away. With these differing results, the MythBusters declared that the myth was possible, depending on the explosive.

Filling the cavities of a car with phonebooks will make the car bulletproof for non-armor-piercing rounds. The Build Team filled several car doors with phone books and fired various firearms at it. The phonebooks were able to stop 9mm,. However, the more powerful deer slug shotgun rounds and the M14 rifle were able to pierce the door and the phonebooks easily.

Since the phonebooks could not stop all of the bullets, the myth was declared busted. However, the Build Team continued the experiment to see how many phone books behind the door would be needed to stop a deer slug and rifle round and found that only two phonebooks were needed.

The Build Team calculated how many phone books would be needed to completely bulletproof the car, which would be around However, the amount needed weighed significantly more than the car could carry, so the Build Team was forced to cut back the amount of phone books they could use down to They then installed a remote control system in the car and covered it with as many phonebooks as they could, and placed inflatable dummies inside to simulate people.

They then drove the car around as they fired M14 and deer slug rounds at it. All of the dummies inside the car survived.

For the third test, the Build Team fired various high-powered sniper rifles at the car. Kari managed to disable the car with a. Though the car was highly resistant to bullets, the fact that they could still penetrate the car and harm the people inside led the Build Team to declare the myth busted. While the road spikes managed to puncture the pursuit car's tires, they did not instantly deflate and the pursuit car managed to catch Adam.

The reason why the spikes failed was attributed to the fact that the spikes stuck in the tires, partially plugging up the holes and causing the tires to deflate more slowly. While not mentioned in the episode, it's worth mentioning that road spikes designed with hollow spikes exist to counter this issue.



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