16.09.2020  Author: admin   Workshop Bench Plans
Unreliable as record woodworking vise keyboard may be, I think the only clues we can get at this distance of time will be from old adverts and catalogues but these are sadly few and far between for Record tools. Regards Steve A. When I find a woodworking wooddworking I like well enough to graduate it to the workshop, I laminate a There was record woodworking vise keyboard bit of trial and error before I got the rocker bar into the right grooves in the spring adjusting nut. Vvise Hardware. Additionally, the jaws of this vise have a design that allows for positive clamping, even in situations where there is extreme clamping pressure.

The registered design reference is The best we can say is that any of the vices with an RD stamp were made between July to or thereabouts. Presumably production of the new vice started soon as the design patent was filed with the GB patent office, but the earliest evidence of the vice being for sale that I could find is this catalogue:. The first idea is actually rather good, but the second, described below, is a bit of a duffer it does at least help with constructing a timeline for the vices.

If enough debris builds up in the half-nut it can start to ride up the screw thread causing the mechanism to slip and potentially damaging the threads in the process. These vices were sold along side the original version and designated e. In the older vices is a captive spring between the half-nut housing and the underside of the half nut — this keeps the half-nut pushed against the screw until the lever is turned and the spring compressed:.

In the new design the flat bar is inserted into a castellated nut on the inside of the front jaw and it is held under tension by a large watch spring. The spring causes the bar to push the half nut against the screw until the quick release lever is activated.

This change was introduced at the same time as a modification to the housing for the half-nut and they put a blue and yellow sticker on the plates to explain the changes:. You may wonder how a part of the vice that is fixed to the underside of your bench could be the cause of sawdust falling in and clogging the working parts — the answer is in the patent:. The nut housing is usually provided with external flanges, lugs or the like by means of which the vice is secured to the under surface of a bench, the bench itself closing the housing.

There is, however, often a passage from the bench surface to the housing between the back of the plate like portion of the fixed jaw and the bench mortise in which it is let and this passage, especially in the case of faulty or careless work in erecting the vice on the bench.

The second improvement is more useful: In the s design the half nut is hidden behind the casting of the rear carriage and is inaccessible once the vice is fixed to the bench. The new design below has a separate metal housing that is attached to the rear carriage with two bolts and this means the the half nut can be removed for cleaning even after the vice has been fixed to the bench.

It is odd that Record did not include this feature in their patent application, since it is a genuine improvement. A possible explanation is that Woden had already described a detachable screw housing in their patent GB , although they do not make any particular claims for it. Although there was nothing to prevent Record from producing the modified vices after the patent was filed at the end of the first mention I can find for these changes are in the catalogue 5 c.

As mentioned above the Registered Design taken out by Record for their vice in ought to have expired no later than , but the RD number continued to be shown on the vices literature after that point. Of course this would be explained if Record simply never got round to updating their catalogue etchings, but many surviving vices have both the RD number and the saw dust excluder plate which can be dated to The final, and arguably most refined version before a complete revamp in the 60s had a newly designed face and a very high quality finish:.

Given the transitional model is comparatively rare my guess is that at some point in the late s Record launched this more attractive face design. The earliest catalogue I can find showing this casting is the Record no 16 pocket catalogue By the s Record had perfected their vice design and, having ran out of ideas to improve it, filed no more patent applications for us to refer to.

Unreliable as they may be, I think the only clues we can get at this distance of time will be from old adverts and catalogues but these are sadly few and far between for Record tools. The changes made included:. As you can see the new range is deemed by Record to be an improvement on the previous version — I leave it to the reader to decide how many of these changes really do improve the design!

The GB Patents and Designs Act granted Record a monopoly on their registered design for up to 15 years, so in theory from the end of other manufacturers would be free to copy the design. Since the design was so good it is not surprising that copies soon followed. For instance, the Buck and Hickman catalogue introduces their own-brand Toga version of the vice and mentions that Parkinson have also made the same design available.

Countless companies have made copies of the design over the years. The modern copies Irvin Annant, York, Dawn etc , although functional, are made to a comparably low standard to keep the price down. These articles may be of interest should you like to find out how it was made:.

A brilliantly simple design. Great post. I came across this while searching for details about this model after finding one in an old junk shop. I had to replace the broken watch spring on mine, and was really surprised at how easy it was to find a replacement. Now restored, it is a great addition to my shop. I love how these old tools never seem to die.

Do you know what the thread size is for the cheek attachments. I have noticed the spring has broken. Does anyone know where I could find a replacement?

Also, is this necessary for vice to open as currently jaws wont open when handle turned. Thank you. Hi Shaun, Irvin still make these vices and sell spare parts including the spring — e. The spring is needed to make the vice work since it keeps the nut held against the screw.

Difficult to be sure without a photo but I suspect this is why your vice is not opening the other possibility is it has been dismantled and not put together properly — the only way to find out is to take it apart. Feel free to ask if you get stuck! I just found your very informative article. I stripped and rebuilt the 52 E with little trouble except that now the QR only operates when closing it had been seized when I got it — any obvious clues for fixing this — I wondered spring too loose or too tight?

Based on your article I think it is a later original model; ie. You could check to see if the flat bar is twisted — I suppose that a twist towards either end might explain why it does not fully disengage the half nut when the jaw is closed. Hi Nick, I appear to be using a version II here, and more reverentially after reading all the above! When I clamp something smaller than 7. Clamping things into the LH side of the vise is fine.

Can you suggest what may be happening with this QR? Good luck! Hello All, Just researching Record vices to try and identify the one I have in my garage and came across this website.

I have a Record 53 Made in England but it does not have the quick-release mechanism. I cannot find any reference to such a vice in my searches. Every 53 I come across has the QR mechanism. Many thanks, Paolo. It is not quick release and has a square thread. The seller said it came from a school or college. I have gleaned from websites that the RD prefix was only used between and and assume that the P is for plain i.

Is there any other information available? You mentioned that the vertical ribs on the rear casting of the s model have gone to ease fitting onto the workbench no vertical slots required any more.

You can see the joint between this rear face plate and the rear casting foot in both your photo above and the catalogue. Left-handed folks usually prefer a front vise mounted on the right corner.

These come in two styles: one with steel or cast-iron jaws you can use as is or add auxiliary wooden jaws [ Photos A and C ], and the other with no jaws, requiring you to build wooden jaws [ Photos B, D, and E ]. The first typically costs more, but installs easier. Your benchtop must clear the bench base or legs for mounting. Bolt or screw this type of face vise onto an existing benchtop in less than an hour. You might have to shim it to flush the jaws with the benchtop and notch the benchtop to align the inner jaw with the edge.

A pivoting-jaw vise holds irregular-shape stock without racking the jaws. You also can remove the pivoting jaw for parallel-jaw clamping.

Magnet-lined wood jaw pads stay in place without screws. A cast-iron-jaw vise can be recessed into the bottom of a bench for maximum strength and stability. A thick outer jaw distributes clamping force over a wide surface area. Add shop-made accessories to your workbench. The benchtop or apron serves as the fixed jaw, while the movable jaw travels on a single screw [ Photo F ]. Because the outer jaw has a tongue that slides in a groove on the fixed arm, it has enough play to let you clamp uneven-shaped workpieces.

A shoulder vise gives you floor-to-ceiling clamping space between its jaws. A threaded bushing mortised into the vise shoulder unseen keeps the screw on track. And high humidity could cause the parts to swell and bind.

As the name implies, this vise installs into the bench leg, which sometimes serves as the fixed jaw. With a flush-fitting vise, the leg itself serves as a full-length fixed jaw. A leg vise moves via a single screw with a pinned sliding guide rail to maintain parallelism. The guide-rail pin rests against end-grain hard-maple pads that prevent compressing the softer alder leg of this bench.

However, you can build up some legs to make a leg vise work. These mount to the end of the bench and typically work with bench dogs along the length of the benchtop. If you prefer rectangular dogholes, cut those notches in the boards before gluing them to the benchtop; round holes can be drilled before or after assembly.

A traditional tail vise [ Photos H and I ] consists of a rectangular or L-shape block of wood the jaw fastened to a steel or cast-iron fixture that slides back and forth in a cutaway corner of the bench.

A long mortise accepts the screw and threaded fixture, and the upper guide rail fits in the slot. A lower guide rail, not shown, mounts beneath the jaw. The tail vise slides back and forth along the guide rails, held in place by the screw assembly.

Too much clamping force, however, can cause boards to bow up.

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